PhD, Anthropology, 1983
University of Oregon
Center for Climatic Research
1113 Atmospheric, Oceanic & Space Science Bldg.
1225 W. Dayton St.
Madison, Wisconsin 53706-1695
Phone: (608) 262-0775
Fax: (608) 263-4190
Lake sediments record the history of a lake’s development, the
history of the landscape surrounding the lake (its catchment), and the
history of climate in the general area of the lake. I am interested
in teasing out the data preserved in lake sediments that contribute
to understanding these various histories. My special area of interest
is cladocera (water fleas), which are well preserved in lake sediments.
A cladoceran assemblage for any given period of time integrates lake
morphometry, lake chemistry, and lake nutrient status. Superimposed
on these constraints are predatory effects impinging on cladocera from
higher trophic levels, therefore presence/absence of planktivorous invertebrates
or planktivorous or piscivorous fish can be inferred from changes in
cladoceran assemblages and changes in morphology of certain cladoceran
Winker, M.G., P.R. Sanford, and S.W. Kaplan, (2001). Hydrology, vegetation,
and climate change in the southern Everglades during the Holocene. pp.
57-99 in B.R. Wardlaw, ed. Paleoecological Studies of Southern Florida.
Bulletin of American Paleontology Number 361.
Portnoy, J. W., M. G. Winkler, P. R. Sanford, and C. N. Farris. Kettle
Pond Data Atlas: (2001). Paleoecology and Modern Water Quality. Cape
Cod National Seashore, National Park Service, U. S. Department of Interior.
Winkler, M.G. and P.R. Sanford (1998). Final Report: Western Great
Lakes paleoecology study, global climate change initiative in Holocene
Paleoenvironments in Western Great Lakes Parks. Final Report to the
National Park Service.
Sanford, P.R. (1997). Cladocera Analysis in Winkler, M.G., The development
of Ryder Pond in the Cape Cod National Seashore and Determination of
the causes of recent Ryder pondwater chemistry changes. Technical Report
NPS/NESO-RNR/NRTR/97-01. National Park Service, New England System Support
Office, Natural Resources Management, 15 State St., Boston, MA 02109-3572.
Winkler, M.G. and P.R. Sanford (1995). Coastal Massachusetts pond development:
edaphic, climatic, and sea level impacts since deglaciation. Journal
of Paleolimnology 14: 311-336.
Leavitt, P.R., P.R. Sanford, S.R. Carpenter, & J.F. Kitchell (1994).
An annual fossil record of production, planktivory and piscivory during
whole-lake manipulations. Journal of Paleolimnology 11: 133-149.
Sanford, P.R. (1993). Bosmina longirostris antennule morphology as
an indicator of planktivory by fishes. Bulletin of Marine Science 53(1):